Platycerium andinum has a very limited range, it only grows on the eastern slopes of the Andes mountains and only in dry tropical forests of Peru and a small area in Bolivia. at elevations from 300 m ( 1, 000 ft) to 150 m ( 500 feet) . It is most often found on quinilla trees. Its average rainfall is 888 mm or 35.0 inches per year. August, the driest month, averages 19 mm (.7 inches). The wettest, March, averages 209 mm (8.2inches).
Platycerium andinum near there show that it begins forming new shields in late December and in some plants are still green in August. Fertile fronds form more or less any time of the year.
A new plant begins to grow from a spore that sticks to a branch or trunk of a tree. New plants can also form from the tips of the roots, these are called pups.